Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Technologies
Providing global warming solutions for California and the West.
Join CEERT Email Newsletter
Global Warming Data, Trend and Forecast
Dr. Rich Ferguson, CEERT
Updated October, 2019
Update Note — The global temperature for September 2019 was 1.15°C above pre-industrial values making it tied with September 2015 for the warmest September on record. The September 2019 value was higher than the trend value. El Niño conditions have ended with the El Niño index returning to the neutral range. El Niño neutral conditions are expected to persist through the Northern Hemisphere winter.
Data — Monthly global surface temperature anomaly data (red and blue lines) are monthly differences from the average temperature for that month during the years 1901-2000 and are available from NOAA. Note that 0.2 °C has been added to the NOAA values to account for the difference between the 20th century average and pre-industrial values. The red (blue) lines represent monthly temperatures warmer (cooler) than the trend.
Trend and Projection — The trend shown in the chart is a quadratic fit to the recorded monthly global temperatures since 1960 relative to pre-industrial values. The projection is the continuation of this curve into future times. Note that the projection will change as the trend changes in response to new data. Recent temperatures are more than half the 2.0 °C target limit established by the Paris agreement. Based on the current projection, global temperatures will be 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels in 2036 and the Paris Agreement’s +2.0 °C target limit would be surpassed in 2053 (see chart.) The chart illustrates that some monthly temperatures will exceed the optimistic international limit of +1.5 degrees well before the trend reaches that level.
April 2, 2011 California Desert & Renewable Energy Working Group - (pdf)
April 11, 2011 CEERT Policy Update, January 2011: The Past Four Months at a Glance - (pdf)
November 4, 2010 Workforce Needs for Renewable Energy Powerplants in Southern California - (pdf)
September 21, 2010 Quarterly Staff Report May - August 2010 - (pdf)
September 15, 2010 Workforce Needds For Large-Scale Solar Projects - (pdf)
July 14, 2010 Acres & Watts: Considering Scale & Renewable Energy - (pdf)
July 10, 2010 Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Resources and the DRECP - (pdf)
October 12, 2009 California Signs First Memorandum of Understanding with U.S. Department of Interior Regarding Renewable Energy: Expediting the Siting of Renewable Energy Projects Needed to Reach CA's 33% Goal - (pdf)
June 1, 2009 Memorandum of Understanding Between the State of California and the Department of the Interior on Renewable Energy - (pdf)
May 21, 2009 Summary: "Waterfall" Value Proposition of Large-Scale Solar Power Technologies in California - (pdf)